Juxiao gave birth to her first cub at 1:10 a.m., the second at 3:47 a.m., and the third at 4:34 a.m. on July 29, 2014. It was the second time she had been a mother. She had given birth in July 2010 to twins Caiyun and Zhaoyang--one of each sex--in natural labor back in her home province of Sichuan. Experts conducted a physical examination of the triplets and decided to let Juxiao take care of the third cub, which was the strongest and weighed the most, while the first and second cub would be raised by the feeders.
For two days after the cubs were born, Juxiao had nothing but only fluid infusion added with glucose. In the evening of July 31, she began eating bamboo. For most of the time, Juxiao was a good mother and held her baby in her forearms while leaning against the wall so that the cub would find a nipple for breast milk. When the cub made any sound, Juxiao would adjust how she held the cub and calm it by licking.
On August 3, experts decided to let Juxiao take care of her cubs in turns. Cub number one replaced cub number three, which was raised by feeders while Juxiao had number one. When Juxiao heard cub number one cry, she picked it up immediately, held it in her arms and licked it to calm it down before she nursed it.
The two cubs had an average of ten meals of breast milk every day. Under their mother's tender care, they gained weight and were in good health. Juxiao would let the cubs lie at their side during sleep and have a good rest together after their nursing session.
Juxiao was eating bamboo shoots amounting to seven or eight kilograms daily. Experts fed bamboo shoots cut into small pieces as well as fluid infusion with added glucose so that Juxiao would have enough breast milk for the triplets.
Milk was collected four or five times every day and sent to the other two cubs in the nursery. When experts collected the milk, Juxiao held her baby quietly, reclining on her back to make it more convenient.
The experts worked very hard to help Juxiao raise her babies. Sometimes a cub couldn't find a nipple so experts had to hold the cub up to Juxiao's breast. Each day they cleaned Juxiao. They and the feeders monitored the mother and triplets round the clock.
Another Miracle of Animal Breeding in Chimelong Safari Park, Following Birth of First Panda in South China.
On August 12, Chimelong Safari Park, of the Chimelong Group, delivered a piece of good news to the world: A female panda named Juxiao had just given birth to three cubs during the period from 12:55 – 4:50 a.m., July 29. Thus they were said to be the only panda triplets that have ever survived. Pandas have an extremely high mortality rate, so the triplets can be described as a new wonder of the world. Now experts from the China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda, along with skilled feeders from Chimelong, conduct an around-the-clock watch, monitoring the babies' health and growth on a daily basis.
The Department of Wildlife Conservation and Nature Reserve Management of the State Forestry Administration, the China Wildlife Conservation Association, and officials from the China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda and the Guangdong Forestry Department attended the press conference in which the birth of the panda triplets was announced, and together they watched the panda babies and their mother Juxiao through online video streaming. The mother and babies were in good condition, but the adorable newborns were particularly inspiring.
It is reported that panda reproduction poses three difficulties: oestrus, hybridization and fertilization, and survival. The mating and delivery of pandas is acknowledged by experts as a great challenge, but the process is particularly challenging amid the heat and humidity of southern China. On July 31, 2013, the panda Meiqing gave birth to the first panda cub in South China. Now, the panda Juxiao has delivered triplets, and those newborns have survived against great odds. The birth, hailed as a miracle, has thus demonstrated the major advances achieved by Chimelong, and even China, in the science of panda breeding.
Mr. Dong Guixin, the general manager of Chimelong Safari Park remarked that the giant panda is often referred to as a living fossil, and it's also a national treasure of China. In the 1950s, the Chinese government established its first natural reserve in Sichuan Province to protect this rare species. In 1983 it founded the China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda in order to conduct scientific research regarding the protection and breeding of giant pandas so that they might ultimately return to the wild state. Since then it has become the world's largest panda research and natural conservation educational base. Juxiao, the mother of triplets, came from the China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda.
Mr. Dong added that the successful breeding of panda triplets in Chimelong is attributable to a cooperative project for giant panda breeding approved by the State Forestry Administration and jointly launched by the South China Rare Animal Species Reserve Center and China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda. Certainly the dedicated effort of all involved at Chimelong has been a contributing factor as well.
Chimelong Safari Park has, over the past several years, accumulated a wealth of experience in panda feeding. In 2011, Chimelong founded the South China Rare Animal Species Reserve Center and soon undertook preparations for reproduction and breeding of pandas under the guidance of the China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda. Chimelong has worked very hard to ensure a sound feeding environment for the pandas. When they were first introduced to the park, a custom panda house and accompanying facilities were built. The house is surrounded by a peaceful bamboo grove and has a large-scale indoor air-conditioned space, complete with ice machines, to offer them an environment similar to their home amid the hot weather of South China's Sichuan Province.
The world's first koala twins were born at Chimelong Safari Park in 2007. Once the news was released, domestic and foreign media came to gather details on the story. Now there are 46 koalas at Chimelong, thus comprising the largest koala population outside Australia. Now Chimelong has successfully delivered panda triplets, a feat considered miraculous by the standards of breeding for this shy, reclusive animal. What is behind such remarkable achievement in animal protection and breeding?
Chimelong Safari Park opened in 1997 and immediately set forth to "become a first-class safari park in the world." By carefully observing the world standards for park planning, hardware facilities, species introduction, experts, house construction and scientific research, Chimelong Safari Park has established first-class hardware facilities and professional teams. It leads the world in animal protection, breeding and the popularization of science education. Moreover, through 17 years of hard work it has amassed the world's largest, most diverse collection of endangered species.
Numerous rare animals have continued the circle of life in Chimelong. How has it been possible for so many different animals from all corners of the world to successfully acclimate to the local environment? Mr. Dong believes the answer is the key to Chimelong’s success. The ability to breed and protect animals is vital to the quality of any world-class zoo. Chimelong has always been considered the finest safari park in China because of its superior capacity for animal breeding and reproduction. Today, more than 20,000 rare animals representing more than 500 species--including pandas from China, koalas from Australia and other nationally treasured animals--live at Chimelong. Thanks to the world-class breeding and protection techniques used there, the animals reproduce and prosper, making Chimelong one of the most important centers of wildlife breeding and conservation in the world.
The mother panda Juxiao, after an overnight endeavor, gave birth to three cubs early in the morning of July 29. However, she was exhausted and therefore failed to look after them. The cubs were soon put into incubators. Under the meticulous care provided by the feeders, Juxiao was allowed to rest and regain her strength. Now, the panda babies are brought to their mother for nursing, and their umbilical cords have fallen off. The feeders at Chimelong Safari Park take shifts in order to provide round-the-clock care, measure their weights at fixed times and maintain close observation of their status.
Giant pandas are not only treasured by all of China but are also loved by people around the world. The birth of healthy triplets is deemed a miracle in the breeding history of pandas, so their growth should be accompanied by good wishes from every corner of the globe. To that end, the Chimelong Group has launched a website to keep people updated about their status and collect blessings for the triplets from their fans and friends worldwide.
Additionally, a contest to guess the gender of the triplets, a naming campaign and other exciting events will soon be launched.